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Auto Repair Basics

The best way to avoid auto repair rip-offs is to be prepared. Knowing how your vehicle works and how to identify common car problems is a good beginning. It"s also important to know how to choose a good mechanic, the kinds of questions to ask, and your consumer rights. This kind of information may help you keep a lid on mechanical mistakes.

Repair Information
Heading Off Problems
Trouble Shooting

Repair Information
How to Choose a Repair Shop

What should I look for when choosing a repair shop?

Ask for recommendations from friends, family, and other people you trust. Look for a repair shop before you need one to avoid being rushed into a last-minute decision.
Shop around by phone and online for the best deal, and compare warranty policies on repairs.
Ask to see current licenses if state or local law requires repair shops to be licensed or registered. Also, your state Attorney General"s office or local consumer protection agency may know whether there"s a record of complaints about a particular repair shop.
Make sure the shop will honor your vehicle"s warranty.

How to Choose a Technician

Is one technician better than another?

Look for shops that display various certifications — like an Automotive Service Excellence seal. Certification indicates that some or all of the technicians meet basic standards of knowledge and competence in specific technical areas. Make sure the certifications are current, but remember that certification alone is no guarantee of good or honest work. Ask if the technician or shop has experience working on the same make or model vehicle as yours.

Repair Charges: Unlocking the Mystery

Before you arrange to have any work performed, ask how the shop prices its work. Some shops charge a flat rate for labor on auto repairs. This published rate is based on an independent or manufacturer"s estimate of the time required to complete repairs. Others charge on the basis of the actual time the technician worked on the repair.

If you need expensive or complicated repairs, or if you have questions about recommended work, consider getting a second opinion.

Find out if there will be a diagnostic charge if you decide to have the work performed elsewhere. Many repair shops charge for diagnostic time.

Shops that do only diagnostic work and do not sell parts or repairs may be able to give you an objective opinion about which repairs are necessary.

If you decide to get the work done, ask for a written estimate.

What should a written estimate include?

It should identify the condition to be repaired, the parts needed, and the anticipated labor charge. Make sure you get a signed copy. It should state that the shop will contact you for approval before they do any work exceeding a specified amount of time or money. State law may require this.

What should I know about the parts to be repaired or replaced?

Parts are classified as:

New — These parts generally are made to original manufacturer"s specifications, either by the vehicle manufacturer or an independent company. Your state may require repair shops to tell you if non-original equipment will be used in the repair. Prices and quality of these parts vary. Remanufactured, rebuilt and reconditioned — These terms generally mean the same thing: parts have been restored to a sound working condition. Many manufacturers offer a warranty covering replacement parts, but not the labor to install them. Salvage — These are used parts taken from another vehicle without alteration. Salvage parts may be the only source for certain items, though their reliability is seldom guaranteed.

What do I need after the work is done?

Get a completed repair order describing the work done. It should list each repair, parts supplied, the cost of each part, labor charges, and the vehicle"s odometer reading when you brought the vehicle in as well as when the repair order was completed. Ask for all replaced parts. State law may require this. Preventive Maintenance

What are the consequences of postponing maintenance?

Many parts on your vehicle are interrelated. Ignoring maintenance can lead to trouble: specific parts — or an entire system — can fail. Neglecting even simple routine maintenance, like changing the oil or checking the coolant, can lead to poor fuel economy, unreliability, or costly breakdowns. It also may invalidate your warranty.

What maintenance guidelines should I follow to avoid costly repairs?

Follow the manufacturer"s maintenance schedule in your owner"s manual for your type of driving. Some repair shops create their own maintenance schedules, which call for more frequent servicing than the manufacturer"s recommendations. Compare shop maintenance schedules with those recommended in your owner"s manual. Ask the repair shop to explain — and make sure you understand — why it recommends service beyond the recommended schedule. Protecting Your Auto Repair Investment

What warranties and service contracts apply to vehicle repairs? Warranties

There is no "standard warranty" on repairs. Make sure you understand what is covered under your warranty and get it in writing.

Warranties may be subject to limitations, including time, mileage, deductibles, businesses authorized to perform warranty work or special procedures required to obtain reimbursement.

Check with your state Attorney General or local consumer protection agency for information about your warranty rights. Service Contracts

Many automobile dealers and others sell optional contracts — service contracts — issued by vehicle manufacturers or independent companies. Not all service contracts are the same; prices vary and usually are negotiable. To help decide whether to purchase a service contract, consider:

Its cost. The repairs to be covered.
Whether coverage overlaps coverage provided by any other warranty.
The deductible.
Where the repairs are to be performed.
Procedures required to file a claim, like prior authorization for specific repairs or meeting required vehicle maintenance schedules.
Whether repair costs are paid directly by the company to the repair shop or whether you will have to pay first and get reimbursed.

How do I resolve a dispute regarding billing, quality of repairs or warranties?

Document all transactions as well as your experiences with dates, times, expenses, and the names of people you dealt with. Talk to the shop manager or owner first. If that doesn"t work, contact your Attorney General or local consumer protection agency for help. These offices may have information on alternative dispute resolution programs in your community. Another option is to file a claim in small claims court. You don"t need an attorney to do this.

Heading Off Problems

The more you know about your vehicle, the more likely you"ll be able to head off repair problems. You can detect many common vehicle problems by using your senses: eyeballing the area around your vehicle, listening for strange noises, sensing a difference in the way your vehicle handles, or even noticing unusual odors.

Looks Like Trouble

Small stains or an occasional drop of fluid under your vehicle may not mean much. But wet spots deserve attention; check puddles immediately.

You can identify fluids by their color and consistency:

Yellowish green, pastel blue or florescent orange colors indicate an overheated engine or an antifreeze leak caused by a bad hose, water pump or leaking radiator. A dark brown or black oily fluid means the engine is leaking oil. A bad seal or gasket could cause the leak. A red oily spot indicates a transmission or power-steering fluid leak. A puddle of clear water usually is no problem. It may be normal condensation from your vehicle"s air conditioner.

Smells Like Trouble

Some problems are under your nose. You can detect them by their odor:

The smell of burned toast — a light, sharp odor — often signals an electrical short and burning insulation. To be safe, try not to drive the vehicle until the problem is diagnosed.
The smell of rotten eggs — a continuous burning-sulphur smell — usually indicates a problem in the catalytic converter or other emission control devices. Don"t delay diagnosis and repair.
A thick acrid odor usually means burning oil. Look for sign of a leak.
The smell of gasoline vapors after a failed start may mean you have flooded the engine. Wait a few minutes before trying again. If the odor persists, chances are there"s a leak in the fuel system — a potentially dangerous problem that needs immediate attention.
Burning resin or an acrid chemical odor may signal overheated brakes or clutch. Check the parking brake. Stop. Allow the brakes to cool after repeated hard braking on mountain roads. Light smoke coming from a wheel indicates a stuck brake. The vehicle should be towed for repair.
A sweet, steamy odor indicates a coolant leak. If the temperature gauge or warning light does not indicate overheating, drive carefully to the nearest service station, keeping an eye on your gauges. If the odor is accompanied by a hot, metallic scent and steam from under the hood, your engine has overheated. Pull over immediately. Continued driving could cause severe engine damage. The vehicle should be towed for repair.

Sounds Like Trouble

Squeaks, squeals, rattles, rumbles, and other sounds provide valuable clues about problems and maintenance needs. Here are some common noises and what they mean:

Squeal — A shrill, sharp noise, usually related to engine speed:
Loose or worn power steering, fan or air conditioning belt. Click — A slight sharp noise, related to either engine speed or vehicle speed:

Loose wheel cover.
Loose or bent fan blade.
Stuck valve lifter or low engine oil.

Screech — A high-pitched, piercing metallic sound; usually occurs while the vehicle is in motion: Caused by brake wear indicators to let you know it"s time for maintenance.

Rumble — a low-pitched rhythmic sound.

Defective exhaust pipe, converter or muffler.
Worn universal joint or other drive-line component.

Ping — A high-pitched metallic tapping sound, related to engine speed:

Usually caused by using gas with a lower octane rating than recommended. Check your owner"s manual for the proper octane rating. If the problem persists, engine ignition timing could be at fault.

Heavy Knock — A rhythmic pounding sound:

Worn crankshaft or connecting rod bearings.
Loose transmission torque converter.

Clunk — A random thumping sound:

Loose shock absorber or other suspension component.
Loose exhaust pipe or muffler.

Feels Like Trouble

Difficult handling, a rough ride, vibration and poor performance are symptoms you can feel. They almost always indicate a problem. Steering

Misaligned front wheels and/or worn steering components, like the idler or ball joint, can cause wandering or difficulty steering in a straight line.
Pulling — the vehicle"s tendency to steer to the left or right — can be caused by something as routine as under-inflated tires, or as serious as a damaged or misaligned front end.

Ride and Handling

Worn shock absorbers or other suspension components — or improper tire inflation — can contribute to poor cornering. While there is no hard and fast rule about when to replace shock absorbers or struts, try this test: bounce the vehicle up and down hard at each wheel and then let go. See how many times the vehicle bounces. Weak shocks will allow the vehicle to bounce twice or more.
Springs do not normally wear out and do not need replacement unless one corner of the vehicle is lower than the others. Overloading your vehicle can damage the springs.
Balance tires properly. An unbalanced or improperly balanced tire causes a vehicle to vibrate and may wear steering and suspension components prematurely.


Brake problems have several symptoms. Schedule diagnosis and repair if:

The vehicle pulls to one side when the brakes are applied.
The brake pedal sinks to the floor when pressure is maintained.
You hear or feel scraping or grinding during braking.
The "brake" light on the instrument panel is lit.


The following symptoms indicate engine trouble. Get a diagnosis and schedule the repair.

Difficulty starting the engine.
The "check engine" light on the instrument panel is lit.
Rough idling or stalling.
Poor acceleration.
Poor fuel economy.
Excessive oil use (more than one quart between changes).
Engine continues running after the key is removed.


Poor transmission performance may come from actual component failure or a simple disconnected hose or plugged filter. Make sure the technician checks the simple items first; transmission repairs normally are expensive. Some of the most common symptoms of transmission problems are:

Abrupt or hard shifts between gears.
Delayed or no response when shifting from neutral to drive or reverse.
Failure to shift during normal acceleration.
Slippage during acceleration. The engine speeds up, but the vehicle does not respond.

Trouble Shooting

Car trouble doesn"t always mean major repairs. Here are some common causes of trouble and techniques to help you and your technician find and fix problems:

Alternator — Loose wiring can make your alternator appear defective. Your technician should check for loose connections and perform an output test before replacing the alternator.
Battery — Corroded or loose battery terminals can make the battery appear dead or defective. Your technician should clean the terminals and test battery function before replacing the battery.
Starter — What appears to be a defective starter actually may be a dead battery or poor connection. Ask your technician to check all connections and test the battery before repairing the starter.
Muffler — a loud rumbling noise under your vehicle indicates a need for a new muffler or exhaust pipe.
Tune-up — The old-fashioned "tune-up" may not be relevant to your vehicle. Fewer parts, other than belts, spark plugs,
hoses and filters, need to be replaced on newer vehicles. Follow the recommendations in your owner"s manual.

From this source

Top Ten Car Maintenance Tips

Picture a beautifully maintained classic sports car. Now picture in your mind the same car as a useless vehicle due to negligence of simple auto care, let"s say because the owner ignored to check fluid levels and did not add oil to the engine. Not following some basic car care tips can equal the end of the engine for an automobile and the end of the story for a vehicle. What would have been a relatively low cost expenditure has become a major expense that may exceed the value of the vehicle.

The automobile owner who is not well versed towards essential car care can refer to their owner"s manual to find the best maintenance plan for their specific vehicle, but there are general car care tips that apply to all vehicles. If you do not care for your vehicle it will fail to operate properly or worse, as in our classic sports car story above. 

But with latest trend of mobile auto repair service who can come to your home of office, there should be no excuse to not take care of your car.

Here are some car tips for maintaining your car in the finest conditions. All the car tips are related to the different parts of your car:

These tips are for those who care about maintaining a safe and smooth running car:

1. Check oil levels and the oil filter at least every 3,000 miles.

2. Your auto has various other fluid levels that need to be check on a regular basis. Again, at least every 3,000 miles, the fluid levels for the brakes, power steering, transmission, radiator coolant and windshield wiper fluids should be included.

3. A regular check on all hoses and belts should be done and replaced as they are showing cracks or are frayed.

4. Brake maintenance is often neglected without realizing it. Not all brakes make loud noises when they are in need of maintenance. About every six months, the brake system should be checked.

5. Testing of the car battery should be done three years from purchase for a new car, and every three years for older vehicles. Battery condition and connections should be checked to make sure there is no excess corrosion and the battery is secure.

6. Inspect the exhaust system for leaks. If there are leaks, repairs are needed as they can be deadly to those in the car.

7. For a properly running engine, auto tune-ups are essential.

8. The car"s heating and air conditioning should be checked yearly for proper functionality.

9. Check and replace lights and washer blades as they burn out or wear out.

10. Check tie rods, struts, and ball joints at least twice a year. 

Guide To Understanding The Effects Of Bad Credit

Car dealers can help in getting an approval for car financing even with a bad credit score. Low or bad credit is considered having a score of less than 629. There are many reasons why a low score is obtained. Some of these include late payments to different lenders, not enough number of years on credit history or identity theft. The credit score is a basis for determining the type and amount of interest paid on the car loan. A low score will definitely result in having to pay higher interest rate on a car loan.

Effect of applying for car financing on bad credit Car dealers can still help or provide car financing options. However, the bad credit score will have a negative impact on the terms of the loan. A good credit score of more than 740 will definitely give good interest and payment terms.

A loan can even come at a 0% interest rate for those with great credit scores. Bad credits will definitely receive loans approved with higher rates. Some can be as high as a 20% interest. Some may even reach near 30%. That would mean paying a few hundred to thousands of dollars more on a car using a car loan obtained on bad credit.

The main reason for the difference in approved rates is the risk. Lender and car dealers that offer car financing are more willing to accommodate those that show a history of financial stability and responsibility. People with good credit scores mean they are more likely to pay off the loan in a timely manner. Those with low scores mean they have higher risks of not being able to pay.

Red flags that can get in the way of getting good loan terms include the following:

  • Missed payments
  • High income-to-debt ratio
  • Defaulting on loans
  • Other things that can affect loan approval and terms include:

  • Income
  • Type of loan
  • Length of employment in current job
  • Work history
  • All these can have a negative effect on a loan application. However, some car dealers will still go ahead and approve a loan but at a higher interest rate.

    How to get better terms on bad credit

    Car dealers can offer good enough loan terms. That is, if the applicant knows how to convince the dealer of responsibility and stability when it comes to finances.

    Loans may also be obtained from other sources such as:

  • Credit unions
  • Banks
  • Finance companies
  • Avoid settling for the first offer that becomes available. Make sure that the terms are fair and that it will not hurt your credit score in the future. Also, beware of scammers and unfair terms.

    What to watch out for

    Again, even with bad credit score, a fair loan term must still be in effect. Yes, the interest rates will be higher but the overall terms must not take advantage of the applicants situation.

    First of all, check if the lender, car dealership or financing institution is reputable. Next, verify if the credit score reported by the lender is true. It will be better to confirm credit scores personally rather than relying on what the lender tells you.

    It will also be better to shop around for better deals. Check with different institutions and dealerships and see which one offers the fairest deal.

    Factors To Consider When Choosing An Auto Glass Tinting Expert

    Do you focus more on the price when hiring an auto glass tinting expert? Or are you after the quality of service provided? Whatever your criteria in choosing window film in Seattle, make sure that they serve you right. The last thing you want is to end up spending so much money and getting poor service that you don"t deserve. If you are clouded with doubts and uncertainty when choosing an auto glass tint shop, here are several factors that can help you decide.

    Exceptional Service

    Ultimately, exceptional service must be your top consideration. Do your homework and narrow down your list into 3 or 4 companies. Then, you can assess each by finding out more about their level of customer service and the kind of work they do to vehicles. An auto glass tint shop is said to offer exceptional quality when it carries diverse lines of car tints, produces the finest results and takes good care of customers even when something goes wrong.

    Superior Quality

    When it comes to choosing a glass tinting specialist, you should never compromise your safety. Hence, another factor to consider is the quality of the companys work. Whether you need auto glass tinting or windshield repair, a dependable tint shop makes sure that the tint is properly installed for your safety and peace of mind. Heres a tip for you be sure to choose a company that uses OEM glass, so they provide factory installation along with a nationwide warranty. This gives you true value for your dollar, which you cannot get from an unknown and unreliable tinting shop.

    Solid experience

    As a general rule, choose a company that has at least 5 years of experience in this type of industry. By choosing a company that has a team of experienced professional tint installers, rest assured that they take all the precautions in order to give the best service and finest quality work

    on the market. An experienced tinting specialist will work hard to earn your trust.

    Final Word

    Theres no need to be confused and intimidated when choosing the right auto glass tinting expert. While there may be several options available, you can narrow down your choices and go for a company that has been in the business for a considerable amount of time and known to provide quality customer service. All it takes is to consider these key factors when searching for a great specialist, and you can have a window film in Seattle that is second to none.

    Selling My Van Privately: Your Guide To Selling Safely

    I was told if i had a van to sell, I should try selling my van privately. It"s very easy to list a van on a private site. If you decide to sell privately, you"ll have complete control over the situation. You"ll be able to negotiate the best possible deal for yourself.

    Unfortunately, there are a lot of risks associated with selling privately. Many thieves pose as interested buyers. Follow these steps if you want to stay safe while you sell:

    1. Don"t Provide All The Details Up Front

    Sometimes, an interested buyer may press you to give them certain pieces of information, like the VIN number of the vehicle or your own person information. Avoid giving them this information, even if they are insistent. Scam artists often use this information to clone listings and rip off other people.

    Instead, tell the person that you will provide them with those details when you meet with them in person. If they are not willing to do that, you can sell to someone else.

    2. Never Meet A Buyer Alone

    You don"t want to be alone when you meet with a buyer. If they try something, you want to make sure that you have people there to back you up.

    If possible, try to go in a group of people. Some of the group can stand with you, while others can wait in the car. If something does go wrong, the people in the car will be able to get help. You should also make sure that you meet up in a public area, like a parking lot.

    3. Don"t Accept Checks

    Make sure that a potential seller can pay you with cash or a money order. Don"t accept checks; you may wind up getting ripped off.

    If a person writes you a bad check, you may not realize it for as much as a week. From there, it may be difficult for you to get the money you are owed. If you only take cash and money orders, you will know you have been paid properly.

    If you follow these tips, you"ll be able to avoid a lot of the issues that are commonly associated with private selling. You will be able to sell your van in a way that makes sense to you. If you take lots of photos and create a nice listing, you may be able to make a very nice profit.

    Smooth Sailing To The Altar: Wedding Transportation Tips

    Every wedding can be perfect. With the right venues, the most delicious meals, the finest wines, the best DJs and sound systems, the ceremony and reception that follows can also be a truly enjoyable occasion for everyone. Its all about planning ahead of time.

    Its just as important to take care of the very need that precedes everything else during the wedding: transportation. The last thing youd want to happen is having yourself, your bridesmaids, groomsmen or other guests arrive at the venue late, which wouldnt start off the occasion so well.

    Thats why we at Luxury Road Events want to offer our service. We believe that for a wedding to go smoothly, it all starts with a completely reliable and hassle-free ride to the place. That ride shouldnt just provide comfort but class and elegance as well. We have the party buses that will let you arrive like royalty. Inside, youll be able to chill out, calm pre-wedding jitters, bond with your friends and spend quality time with your newlywed spouse later on.

    Allow us to assist you in taking care of all the transport-related matters for your big day. Additionally, we recommend taking the following steps to ensure no unforeseen issues may come about at the last minute.

    1. Book transportation months ahead of time

    Its important to reserve at least six months before the date, which you wouldve finalized at that point together with the party size and sites for your ceremony and reception. Do note the peak period from April to June, which is also the season for prom and graduation events, as more luxury vehicle bookings are made then.

    2. Inspect in person before finalizing

    Regardless of the companys reputation, its better to stay on the safe side, especially when its about a wedding. We recommend that you show up at the companys headquarters to see the type of vehicle youre booking. Take the time to get information on their drivers backgrounds and qualifications (its a must that theyre licensed and insured). Check whether the company and driver/s have a proven track record.

    Look thoroughly over a booking contract before signing, checking on points such as mileage charges or minimum required hours. Doing all these can help detect shady companies that may disappear on the day itself or surprise you with a lemon for a ride. Its good to be slightly paranoid to minimize any risks. (Nevertheless, youll be completely in good hands with Luxury Road Events.)

    3. Be free to make special requests

    Its your big day! Make it as you (and your significant other) as possible. Get the company to choose the vehicle that suits the theme or style of your wedding. Openly discuss which music player to have on board, which champagne to be stored or what dress code the driver must fellow. Clarify additional costs and make sure everything goes in writing (ideally into the contract youre meant to sign).

    4. Allot enough buffer time for every planned trip

    Dont let bad traffic divide and conquer your wedding day and everyone involved. Its not a simple task getting people in multiple vehicles to arrive someplace on time. Ask the drivers and passengers to be ready to leave 20-30 minutes before the safe time, making it extra safer. Also be familiar with how much time it takes to get to the venue through different routes, and find out if any big happenings in town may fall on your wedding day.

    Personal Hovercrafts: A New Way To Have Fun

    At the end of the day, and when all said and done, there are as many reasons to use a personal hovercraft for fun and luxury as there are different kinds of people - you can explore all kinds of terrain and countryside with them, race with them against your friends or other enthusiasts, or become familiar with their inner workings by taking them apart and putting them back together, getting right into the technical aspects of this fast rising sport. Many hobbyists just love dismantling and "improving" their vehicles and so air cushioned vehicles present a unique opportunity.

    Hobbyists, explorers and racers often get together and form themselves into leagues and clubs, which organize and host activities for their members, including races. Racing in particular is experiencing huge growth and the prices are coming down all the time. In other words, while the idea of riding (and tinkering with) such craft might seem like a fringe activity, it has vital community members who ensure that its fans have fun with their ACVs the whole year round. Clubs make sure that people can bounce around ideas and share their enthusiasm with like-minded people. It really is a social activity, just like boat or bike racing and hovercraft safety is always top priority.

    You"ve got to admire that kind of spirit! Then again, seeing as they"re fans of an eco-friendly vehicle which hovers over different natural environments and which has been made popular because of its use in search-and-rescue operations - perhaps that"s not so surprising. Eco-friendliness is often over-looked, but it is an interesting aspect of these vehicles. There are no wheels, so don"t churn up the ground into mud or destroy vegetation. They hover over water, so there is no propeller to churn it up and harm the life underwater. The only thing is that they are noisy. It may be that in the future electric hovercraft would be more common.

    More search and rescue teams are employing air cushioned craft to reach accident and disaster survivors, whatever the surrounding terrain. This one vehicle can travel over ice, snow, mud, marsh, land and water, so it"s a pretty spectacular mode of transport. You can use personal hovercrafts to help you in your fishing exploits. With these devices, you can get to new, hard-to-access areas. For example, ice fishing will be easier - you can get to and from the site with ease.

    Commercial Hovercraft - From Design To A Working Model

    Commercial hovercraft have a long and checkered history. After it"s invention in the UK in 1950, it was quite a while before it was taken seriously as a means of transport. It must be remembered that traditionally, all vehicles took just one of three forms. A mode of transport either had wheels for moving over ground, a propeller for moving through marine environments or it flew high up in the air at great speed. An air cushioned vehicle like the hovercraft fitted none of these guidelines and so hovercrafts for sale were suspect from the start.

    One thing that hampered commercial development was the lack of powerful engines that were light enough to provide lift and forward thrust. A large craft needed quite a lot of power to generate the air pressure necessary to hover a foot or so off the ground, and often several motors were needed for both lift and forward motion. It takes the smoothness of a Rolls Royce engine, for example, to deliver the necessary power also reduce the vibration - a major problem in hovercraft design.

    During the summer months, the English Channel between England and France is filled with ferries criss-crossing the 22 mile stretch of water separating the two countries. A short strip of sea, but still taking 40 minutes to an hour, depending on the weather which obviously affects the height of the waves. Someone decided that it would be much quicker to ride over the waves on a cushion of air so a passenger hovercraft was commissioned.

    The craft was big by those standards and could carry 200 people and cars in the crossing, which took only 20 minutes. Unfortunately, two factors made the experience less than tranquil. Firstly, the sea between UK and France is never really "flat". Waves would pound the front of the vehicle, causing it to bounce up and down like a bucking bronco. For this reason it was known locally as the "vomit comet" for obvious reasons - sea sickness!

    It was very different from crossing the channel on an ordinary sea-going ferry. For one thing, the passengers had to be strapped into their seats for their own safety, so it wasn"t possible to wander around. One of the great pleasures of taking the trip by boat was the fact that you could wander around, have a drink at the bar or a meal at one of the several restaurants. Although a boon to many people who crossed the channel regularly for business, the disadvantages of hovercraft travel and the proposal of the new Channel Tunnel put an end to the service in the 60s.

    Buying A New Car? This Article Has The Tips You Need

    This article is a great start to buying the Ferrari F430 for sale! Many times people sacrifice in quality because of price. If you are unable to find that perfect car at the right price point, check out this article. It will help you to reduce the price you must pay.

    Always do a test drive of the car you want before buying it. Even if you"ve already test driven this exact brand and model, you must know if it drives well. You may find something slightly off, or even a hidden defect. Sometimes sports cars have been driven hard by the previous owners and you want to know if that was the case with the one you"re looking at purchasing.

    Understand how many miles per gallon your automobile gets. For example, it may seem like a good idea to purchase a V-8 with towing capability. But you must consider if you need this feature since it has a lot more horsepower than a regular car.

    Have a budget in mind before you go car shopping. This involves assessing your monthly income and bills, and having a clear understanding of how much you can really afford to add to those. Doing this will help you to stay in budget when you make your new car purchase.

    When heading to a car dealership, get prepared for your bargaining side to come out. While there many be some dealers who have your best interest at heart, most just want to get as much money out of you as they can. This is why you have to be strict and never settle on a deal you are uncomfortable with.

    Make the right car purchase for yourself by deciding major things before entering a store. This includes things like mileage, make, model and even color. You can do a lot of research online to get an idea of prices and avoid the high pressure situations that come with a car salesman.

    No matter how far into the purchase you have gone, remember that you are not tied down into one-car dealership until you sign papers. Even if the salesman is very friendly, it is just business. If you find a better deal elsewhere, you have no obligation to purchase from your first dealer.

    While you may want to buy a car today, buying off the lot may mean that they don"t have a car with the features you desire. You can always ask them to call affiliated dealerships to see if they have the car on the lot, but don"t sound desperate or they"ll raise the price.

    Don"t expect to make a purchase in your first dealership. In fact, if you do so, then you are probably making a bad purchase. Shopping around is always important, and this is especially true when it comes to making an intelligent purchase with a car or truck. Take your time and look around.

    Speak with the car dealer about his return policy. You may even want to get the policy in writing. Even if you have test driven the car and everything seems fine, you never know what could happen later that day or week. It"s important that you know what the dealer"s policy is on returning it in case something should happen.

    Once you find an interesting car, it"s time to pull out the fine tooth comb. Pay close attention to any cosmetic damage on the car. Make sure to scrutinize the interior, looking for damages and stains. Keep in mind that whenever you sign the contract, the car belongs to you. As a result, the scratches, dents, rips, stains, etc. will be your responsibility.

    If you are considering trading your car in when purchasing a car, you should take your car into a neutral place to get it appraised. You want to be sure that you are getting a fair value for your car when trading it in. Be sure to include an adjustment for what you will be saving regarding taxes.

    Review car pricing locally and in other areas. You may be able to find much lower prices a short drive away. Looking at price trends online will help to give you an idea of which cities offer the best prices.

    By paying a fair price for your car, you are able to get much more value for your money. That is the key point that this article is trying to encourage and hopefully it will help you to get the car you deserve. Don"t forget to share this article with others!

    How Many Companies Sell Hovercraft?

    Just a few years ago the number of companies selling small hovercraft for leisure use could be counted on the fingers of one hand, and that didn"t included the thumb! Nowadays it would make more sense to list them by continent, because their numbers are spiraling upwards rapidly. The very first hovercraft were invented and also made in the UK, so it"s not surprising that the country has many companies where the public can purchase a personal hovercraft. It"s a bit of a futuristic dream, like buying a flying car, but of course these vehicles don"t really fly at all, just hover over the surface of dry land or water.

    Sanderson-Coe built the first large hovercraft, and together with Hoverspeed and Hoverlloyd, ran regular ferry services from Calais in France to Dover and Folkestone in the UK. These were big craft designed to carry cars and people, and so you can appreciate how noisy they might have been. None too comfortable, the service, popularly known as the "vomit comet" was stopped mainly because the machines were expensive to keep running, and the operators didn"t make any money (always a great reason!)

    HovPod Hovercraft are made by Reaction Engineering Ltd in Folkestone and produce a range of air cushioned vehicles both for pleasure, but also search and rescue operations. The company revolutionized the industry by using new materials, such as high density expanded plastics for the hull and Kevlar for the skirts. This new style of hull meant that there was no danger of splitting if a rock was struck, for example, and the new skirt design removed the obvious expense of the need to change a damaged one piece skirt. The skirt was fitted in small sections, so that a damaged piece could be quickly changed without removing the whole assembly - Go to site .

    British Hovercraft were one of the first British Companies to start manufacturing for personal use, and their first craft, dubbed the Flying Fish, made headlines when it was unveiled. Other craft, such as The Marlin followed and they quickly out together a whole range of ACVs capable of carrying from one to six peoples. To prove the sea worthiness of their products, the owner of the company was the first man to pilot a small hovercraft across the notoriously wave-ridden English Channel, making the crossing of 22 miles in just over one hour. The trip was to be repeated another three times in the next two years to prove that it wasn"t a fluke and that these craft are worth every penny paid.

    Used Car Sales In Rainham Kent

    Buying a used car in Rainham Kent is an excellent option if you need to get a new vehicle and cannot afford to get a brand new car. Getting a used car is a good way to save money as long as you choose the right vehicle.

    There are different ways to find used cars in Rainham Kent. Classified ads can be a good way to find a used vehicle in your area but you shouldn"t buy a car listed online via a classified unless the seller can answer a few questions about the vehicle. Ask about the mileage and find out how frequently the previous owner maintained the vehicle and what kind of repairs they have made in the past. Do not purchase a used vehicle that hasn"t been maintained or repaired in a while.

    Used car dealerships are another option you should consider. You will have a wider selection of vehicles to choose from and should be able to qualify for a financing plan. Getting a car from a used car dealership is your best option if you do not have enough money saved up to get one sold via a classified, but you need to learn more about different dealerships to find a reliable one.

    You can also get used vehicles via local auctions. Auctions are usually a great way to get a good deal on a vehicle but the downside is that you might not be able to inspect the vehicle in details. Bidding on a used vehicle at an action means you will have to make a decision fairly quickly and decide how much you want to spend on the vehicle. If you decide to go to an auction, try finding out about the vehicles that will be auctioned in advance so that you can do some research and decide which ones you want to bid on.

    If you decide to buy a used vehicle, you need to learn more about the different makes and models you are interested in. Select a vehicle that isn"t know for fabrication defaults and avoid purchased a disposable vehicle since a used disposable car is usually not a good investment. You also need to establish a budget for this purchase. It will be easier to narrow down your search and compare your different options once you have a budget.

    You should compare different options before buying your used car. You could for instance start checking classified ads on a daily basis to see if there are any good deals available and visit local used car lots to look at the different vehicles and compare prices. Look for local auctions for used vehicles and think about driving to a nearby city for an auction.

    There are different options for used car sales in Rainham Kent. You need to set a budget for your used car and take the time to compare different ways to buy a used car and different makes and models. Make sure you buy a used car that will be reliable for the years to come.

    Safety Comes First: Learn To Ride A Motorbike By Attending And Completing A Motorcycle Rider"s Training Course

    If you are interested in joining the two-wheel revolution, you should first and foremost learn to ride a motorbike properly for the sake of your own safety and safety of others on the road. Riding a motorbike can prove to be an exhilarating, liberating and fulfilling experience especially when your safety-related needs are fully met, but it also requires a high level of focus, coordination and balance among others.

    If you have decided to trade in your safety belt for a helmet, it is absolutely paramount to approach riding a motorcycle with caution in order to avoid becoming a motorbike safety statistic. According to statistics, a large percentage of riders involved in an accident are either self-taught or have learned how to ride a motorbike from friends or family. New motorbike riders are given the opportunity to learn the basic skills required for safe, smooth riding from professionals by attending a motorcycle rider"s training course at a motorcycle training centre in their local area. For more information visit the Rockingham website

    Upon successful completion of the motorcycle rider"s training scheme, which consists of the pre-learner training course and the pre-provisional course, you will be able to ride with confidence and equally important, to get your rider licence. Specifically designed to get you comfortable on a motorbike and help you gain the rider safety skills before venturing on the road, these training courses encompass classroom instruction as well as practice on a safe closed circuit course.

    In the classroom, you will learn the basics of safe riding and familiarize yourself with the motorbike you will be riding, its operation on the road as well as the requirement, laws and rights of motorcycle riders in your area. On the practice range, you will learn starting, braking and turning, accelerating and decelerating, parking the motorbike as well as essential maneuvers such as surmounting obstacles and controlling skids.

    A competency-based course, held over two days for 3.5 hours each day, the pre-learner training course is designed for anyone who is minimum 16 years and 6 months old, living in a declared area and interested in applying for their learner rider licence. Motorbikes, gloves and helmets are all provided by the motorcycle training centre. After successfully passing all of the competencies, you will be issued a Certificate of Competence, which is valid for 3 months.

    Required for anyone looking to advance from a learner rider to a provisional (P1) motorbike rider licence, the pre-provisional course runs for 7 hours. At the end of it, you will undertake the MOST test that assesses your riding ability. Upon passing this key test, you will receive your Certificate of Competence, also valid for 3 months.

    Finding The Right Deep Cycle Rv Battery For Your Vehicle

    Understanding the deep cycle RV battery will help you choose the right kind of batteries for your use. Deep cycle batteries provide better stability over the long term compared to other varieties of standard car batteries. The normal vehicle battery is made to supply a car"s power and then the alternator gets to work recharging the battery. The RV requires steady power while charging for a longer time, which is what the deep cycle battery provides.

    RVs often have separate batteries. One power the appliances that run the home aspects of the RV. The other battery operates the RV as a motor coach, allowing you and your loved ones to reliably transport from one place to the next. The use of a deep cycle RV battery provides better capacity and extended power in between charges.

    Choosing A Battery Deciding on the right deep cycle battery for your RV will depend upon a few factors. You will need to have sufficient space to have the RV battery in place. In addition, choosing the battery depends largely on and Amp draw of the accessories in your RV.

    If you have a camper, then you might do well with something of a surprising alternative to the RV battery. It is a marine deep cycle battery. Though, larger machines might do better with say an 8D battery instead. Such useful options include flooded batteries and sealed AGM varieties.

    Deep cycle batteries are low on maintenance and uses solar panels to accumulate energy storage. This is an excellent solution to the issue of ensuring a battery that is reliable over the long term, especially when factoring in traveling into RV owners" plans.

    This type of battery is able to keep up and perform constantly. It is a tall order, but they do it well. When you consider how much you rely on these batteries, it is incredible that they last for a few years. It is the best power option out there for RV owners in today"s world.

    Using and relying upon solar powered energy is a great way to build up self reliance and reliance on naturally occurring resources that are freely and widely available.

    These batters outpace the traditional or ordinary battery by far. These batteries are surprisingly affordable as well. They are such useful components it is tempting to find other uses around the house or in life for these batteries.


    Use These Tips Before Hiring Your Next Limo Company

    Subject to where you are located there may be a large number of limousine companies to choose from. When you are looking to hire a limo company for an event you are having or participating in there are some tips you need to know in order to choose the right one for the occasion.

    Customer service is a big deal today. Not all companies believe in good customer service but the ones that do are usually the companies that have repeat customers and get good reviews. A limousine rental company may have been in business for years or decades but that does not mean they have good customer service that just means they are good business people. So check the reviews of the different limo companies and talk with them to get a feel for how they will handle your job. Remember to use your instincts and let them guide you when speaking with the company representatives.

    Understand the type of event you are planning for or going to. The event type can have an effect on the type of limousine you select, since knowing the head count is important for choosing the correct limousines. If you have a lot of people going to the event with you then it might be better to rent a Party Bus or Limo Bus as opposed to renting several smaller limousines. Depending on your group they may all want to be together during the ride. So let the event and the numbers help you determine the type of limo which will narrow your search.

    When you are talking with the limousine companies ask about their drivers certifications, qualifications and safety records. See how the company hires their drivers and screens the different candidates. You need to know this because one of them will be in charge of taking you and your group to the event and you need to be able to trust them and know you will be in safe hands. So dont be afraid to ask the limo representatives about their drivers record since they will be the one behind the wheel.

    Determine your budget ahead of time so you know what you are looking to spend. Limo companies charge different prices and you need to know your budget so you know the prices range that is comfortable for you. The number of people in your party, the type of limousine you rent, and the destination will affect the price. So be prepared to discuss this with the limo companies if their prices are higher than your budget allows, they may have options for you to still get what you want without sacrificing too much.

    Selecting the right company for your event can make all the difference in the world. The right company can make the experience amazing or a disaster. So make sure you choose wisely and use the tips above to help you make an informed decision.

    Winter Tyres

    In countries that experience winter, it is advisable to have two sets of tyres. Tyres meant for use during summer and another pair for winter. Winter tyres are specifically designed and made for the harsh weather that is experienced in winter. They are made to withstand the low temperatures that are experienced during winter. The tyres use high silica content and have a pattern that is specially designed to retain flexibility in times of low temperatures. They help the car deal with the snow covered roads which are wet and icy during winter.

    So how exactly do these tyres help a person? And what is so special about them? Winter tyres help in ensuring the safety of an individual when they are driving during snow weather. They help provide the car with good grip of the road and this in turn helps to avoid skidding on the ice. They give good braking performance on the icy road. Because of the soft rubber that is used in their manufacture it helps keep the tyres flexible in the cold weather. The typical standard tyre tends to firm up because of the low temperatures during winter. This will make them loose grip of the road. This is what would easily send a car skidding, sending it straight into a ditch or worse still cause even bigger damages and harm.

    The making of these tyres using soft rubber to allow for flexibility is the major reason these tyres are not advisable for use during other weather types. The soft rubber is prone to wearing out very easily. The tyres will also make a very annoying loud noise. Therefore when one hears the loud noise coming from the tyre, they should know that it is time to switch back to the standard tyres.

    How does one then identify these tyres? One can identify them by looking for a snowflake symbol on the sidewall of the tyre. They may also have a symbol of some snow-topped mountains. They are available in many main manufacture shops. The cost of these tyres is what maybe disturbing to many individuals considering the fact that they already have another set of tyres. Some may opt to change only two of the tyres and leave on two standard tyres. This is clearly a recipe for disaster. What will happen in such a scenario is that as you drive you will gain momentum from the winter tyres but the other standard tyres will not be of help because they do not have good grip on the raod. So in the case where one would get to a turn, the standard tyres would not be in a position to break well as the winter tyres would. The result of this would be devastating. It is therefore always advisable to have a complete change on all four tyres during winter.

    As seen above, winter tyres are therefore a very important part of the car that one needs to acquire when this weather starts. It is sure to save one a great deal of time when driving and may just be what may save a life during this type of weather.

    Learn how to drive safley in winter with Driving Lessons in Glasgow.

    Would You Be Able To Sell Your Car Quickly?

    Before you read any more of this article, would you know enough to sell your car quickly right now? Sometimes it can seem quite simple, as someone you know might become a quick buyer, or you might get a quick bite on a free online ad. But sometimes, cars can be on the market for quite a long time and not even sell. This can be due to many reasons, so it"s best to learn everything you can about selling your car quickly.

    How you go about selling your car exactly is going to have to do with what type of vehicle you"re selling of course. When you set out to sell a car, you"re going to want to know its value and how that car sells on the market. Look at similar listings and sales to see where you stand with your car.

    What are the best sellers when it comes to consumers selling their vehicles by themselves? Trucks are always useful, which means they are popular, and so are the family cars and other types of vehicles that are for families.

    Now you"ve been instructed to know the market, but how are you going to stand out? Depending on where you live, it could be that there are plenty of cars just like yours for sale. In fact, if you start searching, you won"t believe how many listings you can pull up. Some of them might even be the exact same make, model and year.

    One thing you can do to help your vehicle stand out is to take a little off the top when it comes to the price. This doesn"t mean you list it for 100 dollars cheaper than the other listings. It means you take a bit more off the top, like say 500 dollars. You want to make that price difference noticeable, and that makes it mean something to the customers.

    You know when you"re selling a house that you want to keep it looking nice and maybe even fix it up in some ways. The same thing goes with your vehicle. However, you might not want to fix everything but just let the car go "as is" to the best offer. Putting "OBO," which means "or best offer" invites people to make offers and makes the ad look more appealing. The whole point is you must make your vehicle stand out among the crowd.

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